Conflicts about authorship have already been increasing, studies have shown. Relating to a 1998 study within the Journal associated with American Medical Association by Linda Wilcox, the ombudsperson at Harvard’s medical, dental, and public-health schools, the percentage of complaints about authorship at the three institutions rose when you look at the 1990s. Such grievances ranged from people feeling that they were not being given credit as first author, and even though these were promised it, to people feeling that their work merited first authorship despite the fact that they merely performed experiments and did not design or write within the research. Wilcox’s research unearthed that authorship-related queries to her office rose from 2.3% of total complaints in 1991 to 10.7% in 1997. Between 1994 and 1997, 46% associated with queries were from faculty and 34% were from postdoctoral fellows, interns, or residents.
Other studies, cited by Eugene Tarnow, point to the presssing dilemma of plagiarism as a challenge, too. A 1993 study looked over perceived misconduct in a survey of professors and students that are graduate four disciplines over a period of five years. Inappropriate co-authorship was slightly greater than plagiarism as a problem. Plagiarism was a problem of graduate students, while inappropriate co-authorship was a problem mostly of faculty.
If a conflict arises between a junior scientist and a senior scientist regarding authorship, experts suggest that the disagreement should first be addressed within the group of authors plus the project leader. Continuer la lecture
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